Fundamentals of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

  • Class 45
  • Practice 15
  • Independent work 90
Total 150

Course title

Fundamentals of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

Lecture type


Course code






Lecturers and associates

Course objectives

Road Vehicles Physics ; Flying Vehicles Physics ; Ship Physics ; Railroad Vehicles Physics .
Overview of Road Vehicles .
Overview of Flying Vehicles ; Overview of Ship Physics ; Overview of Railroad Vehicles .
Overview of Drive Systems ; Characteristics of Internal Combustion Engines .
Characteristics of Electric Motors; Overview of Hybrid Drive Systems .
Overview of Electric Drive Systems .
Road Vehicles Safety Aspects ; Flying Vehicles Safety Aspects ; Ship Safety Aspects ; Railroad Vehicles Safety Aspects .
Midterm exam.
Overview of hybrid EV share and perspective in European Union and Croatia; Incentives for hybrid and EVs.
Impact on emissions and comparison with ICE vehicles; Battery production issues.
Battery production issues; Battery lifetime and recycling procedures.
Supplying electricity to electric cars; Distribution network requirements.
Range, energy consuption and cycle efficiency.
Battery types and characteristics; Battery economy.
Final exam.

Required reading

Iqbal Husain (2010.), Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Design Fundamentals, Second Edition, CRC Press
Nikowitz, Michael (2016.), Advanced Hybrid and Electric Vehicles, Springer

Minimal learning outcomes

  • Explain the operating principles of an electric vehicle
  • Design basic elements of an electric vehicle (motor, batteries)
  • Explain safety requirements of electric vehicles
  • Analyze the consequences of electric vehicle monetary incentives
  • Prepare basic laboratory battery testing
  • Prepare basic laboratory electric motor testing
  • Analyze the impact of electric vehicles on the environment
  • Analyze the impact of electric vehicles on the power system
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