Study

Computing

Physics

  • Class 75
  • Practice 15
  • Independent work 90
Total 180

Course title

Physics

Lecture type

Obligatory

Course code

183368

Semester

2

ECTS

6

Lecturers and associates

Course objectives

Kinematics (reference frame, position, velocity and acceleration of the particle); Motion in the rectangular coordinate system; Galilean transformations of the position and velocity of a particle.
First Newton's law; Inertial frame of reference; Particle momentum; 2nd Newton's law; Newton's equation of motion; Motion under constant force (free-fall, incline, pulleys).
Interaction of particles; 3rd Newton's law; Internal and external forces in a system of particles; Conservation of linear momentum in a system of particles.
Definition of work and power; Kinetic energy; Conservative force; Stable and unstable equilibrium; Conservation of mechanical energy; Dissipative forces.
Simple harmonic oscillator (mass on a spring); Equation of motion and the solution; Energy of oscillation; Damped oscillation; Subcritical, critical and supercritical damping; Forced oscillations; Amplitude and phase; Resonance; Coupled oscillators; Normal modes of oscillation.
Propagation of waves; Frequency and phase vector; Phase speed; Superposition; Wave equation and its solution; Wave packet; Transverse wave (equation of motion, speed of propagation, power, standing wave).
Transmission and reflexion of transversal waves; Coefficients of transmission and reflexion; Longitudinal wave (equation of motion, speed of propagation, power, standing wave); Adiabatic sound (speed of propagation, pressure amplitude, noise level); Doppler effect.
Midterm exam.
Experimental background; Postulates of the Special Relativity; Relativistic kinematics; Lorentz transformations; Length contraction; Time dilation; Relativistic energy and momentum; Rest mass of a particle.
Electrostatics; Coulomb force; Electric field and the potential; Magnetostatics; Magnetic field of a straight wirel Biot-Savart law.
First Maxwell's equation; Gauss' law for the electric field; Second Maxwell's equation; Gauss' law for the magnetic field.
Third Maxwell's equation, Faraday's law of induction; Fourth Maxwell's equation, Ampère-Maxwell law.
Wave equation for the electromagnetic field; Plane wave solution to the wave equation; Properties of the plane waves; Linear and circular polarisation of electromagnetic radiation; Poynting's theorem and vector; Intensity of electromagnetic radiation, Energy density of electromagnetic field; Polarization of light; Malus law.
Coherent sources; Constructive and destructive interference of two sources; Young's experiment; Phase shift due to reflection of radiation; Interference of light reflected on thin films; Interferometry; Detection and measurement of small displacements.
Final exam.

Required reading

D. Horvat (2005.), Fizika 1: Mehanika i toplina, Hinus
D. Horvat (2011.), Fizika 2: titranje, valovi, elektromagnetizam, optika i uvod u modernu fiziku, Neodidakta
P. Kulišić (2005.), Mehanika i toplina, Školska knjiga
V. Henč-Bartolić, P. Kulišić (1991.), Valovi i optika, Školska knjiga
V. Henč-Bartolić, M. Baće, L. Bistričić, D. Horvat, P. Kulišić, Z. Narančić, T. Petković, D. Pevec (2002.), Riješeni zadaci iz valova i optike, Školska knjiga
David Halliday, Robert Resnick, Jearl Walker (2014.), Principles of Physics, Wiley
V. Henč-Bartolić, M. Baće, L. Bistričić, D. Horvat, P. Kulišić, Z. Narančić, T. Petković, D. Pevec (1996.), Riješeni zadaci iz mehanike i topline, Školska knjiga

Minimal learning outcomes

  • Apply calculus techniques (derivative, integration) to analysis of physical problems.
  • Define kinematic variables (vectors of position, velocity, and acceleration) in three dimensional space and apply relationships between them.
  • Analyze simple mechanical systems and apply Newtons equations of motion
  • Apply energy and momentum conservation principles to mechanical systems.
  • Apply basic principles (2. Newtons law) to complex phenomena in mechanics (harmonic oscillator, waves)
  • Explain principles of special theory of relativity.
  • Explain the laws of electromagnetism and apply them to simple physical situations.
  • Derive the wave equation for electromagnetic waves from Maxwells equations
  • Explain the phenomena of light interference and polarization.
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